There is now a new link for Iran, Chian and Asia on this website: is especialy grateful to Dr. Jamshid Jamshidi for allowing the posting of articles by Dr. Masato Tojo. Interested readers are invited to visit Dr. Jamshidi’s SHAMOGOLOPARVANEH website at:

Shop with modified Persian script in Kashgar, northwest China. This is one of the legacies of the historical silk route straddling between ancient Iran and China, having its orgins in the pre-Islamic era and enduring well into the post-Islamic era. The shop sign reads “Jaanan Zaaferan”  or Jaanan’s saffron.