Originally posted in the Persian Mirror Magazine. The article has been written by Dr. Manouchehr Moshtagh Khorasani – kindly visit his new website at:


Dr. Manouchehr Moshtagh Khorasani received the World Prize for Book of the Year in iranian Studies for his book (involving 10 years of research)  Arms & Armor from Iran: The Bronze Age to the End of the Qajar Period.


 The Exhibition “Rituais de Poder: Rites of Power” in Portugal opened on March 13, 2010 in Èvora, Portugal and has been a huge success.


This wonderful exhibition was provided by Dr. Jorge Caravana to the Museum of Evora in Portugal and showcases a wonderful selection of different oriental historical weapons.


A high qualiry exhibition catalogue accompanies the exhibition and is available for sale. The exhibition catalogue is in full color and has two parts: the first part presents a number of articles on the subject and the second part showcases a wonderful array of different oriental weaponry.

The exhibition catalogue is in both languages: English and Portugues. The English text is always provided on the left side and the Portuguese version is next to it on the right. The list of articles and the number of artifacts presented in the catalogue: Some of the articles are:

Silva, Francisco Santos (2010), Symbols in Weapons and Weapons as Symbols: The Socio-Religious Significance of Decoration in Indian Weaponry in the Collection of Dr. Jorge Caravana, pp. 23-31. 

Vassalo e Silva, Nuno (2010), Goldsmiths in Indian Weaponry, pp. 32-40.

Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2010), Persian Swordmakers, pp. 41-55. 

Elgood, Robert (2010), An Introduction to Arms and Armour from the Islamic World and India, pp. 56-69.

Caravana, Jorge (2010), The Kris, p. 171. 

The Collections under the display are from the following countries:

Morocco (3 items)

Turkey (9 items)

Persia/Iran (9 items)

India (55 items)

Sri Lanka (4 items)

Nepal (1 item)

China (2 items)

Japan (5 items)

Indonesia/Malaysia (20 items)

Philippines (1 item)


Dr. Manouchehr Moshtagh Khorasani writes for PersianMirror from Germany. He is the author of the book Arms and Armor from Iran: The Bronze Age to the End of the Qajar Period” that won the prestigious World Book Prize of the Islamic Republic of Iran in Iranian Studies on February 07, 2009. Dr. Manouchehr Moshtagh Khorasani wrote his doctorate thesis in English linguistics on the analysis of conflicts and controversies under Professor Dr. Andreas H. Jucker at Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen, Germany, while doing research and writing books and print articles in English, German, Spanish, and Persian in the field of historical arms and armor from Iran. For his publication list and his research activisties see: www.mmkhorasani.com