The prestigious Spanish military journal “Historia de la Guerra” has published an article by Kaveh Farrokh and Javier Sánchez-Gracia on the military history of the events (leading to and including) the toppling of Premier Mohammad Mossadegh from his post in 1953 (click the link below in for downloading the entire article):

Farrokh, K., & Sánchez-Gracia, J. (2022). La caída de Mossadegh [The fall of Mossadegh]. Historia de la Guerra, 28, pp.69-76.

This article essentially examines the military history behind the rise of Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh (in office from 1952 to 1953) and the (military) factors that led to his fall from power in 1953. The article is also prefaced by the state of the Iranian military following the Second World War up to and including the events of Mossadegh’s tenure Iranian Prime Minister.

Shortly after the events of August 15-19, 1953, a platoon of World War Two vintage M-4 Sherman tanks armed with 76mm main guns are seen parked alongside the streets of Tehran  (Source: The Daily Mail).

The article also provides an examination of the history of the Iranian military following the invasion of Iran by the Anglo-Soviets in 1941, notably with respect to the ejection of the Soviet-sponsored and controlled separatist movements in northwest Iran in 1946.

Anti-separatist Iranian Azarbaijani fighters: these fought against the Soviet occupation during World War Two and against their satellite regime in Iranian Azarbaijan (Picture source: from Azarpadgan website currently off-line). Contrary to Soviet propaganda and like-minded venues (past and present), the Soviet-controlled separatist “Democratic” regime in northwest Iran was strongly opposed by the local population, especially in the latter days of that regime.